The standard mechanical and electrical interface in the modular principle of the propulsion system construction provides the possibility of its direct installation in typical spacecraft of the «cubesat» format (proportional to one unit 1 U = 10x10x10 cm).
The paper contains a short review of progress in module propulsion systems development for CubeSat spacecrafts [1–4]. Green propulsion systems based on ecologically friendly fuel, cold gas thrusters, hybrid and bi-propellant propulsion are considered. Recent Cubesat propulsion design parameters are met manufactures requirements for cost minimization and decreasing of manufacturing complexity of Cubesat prelaunch preparation. As the common practice of Cubesat delivery to space orbit is supplementary load attached to the main spacecraft the safety requirements become crucial. Cubesat systems must provide avoiding any damages and negative effects to main spacecraft. Green propulsion systems based and ecologically friendly fuel help to meet such type demands. Basic standards and approaches for CubeSat propulsions design and properties are formed as follows:
Flight Cubesat module propulsion systems examples based on various fuel types with monopropellant bipropellant ecologically friendly thrusters, gas thrusters and hybrid propulsion modules are considered.
Propulsion modules for Cubesat spacecraft development is becoming a new direction of space technology evolution that provides improving of Cubesat effectiveness. For today flight experience has gained of micro thrusters based on “green” fuel, cold gas micro propulsion modules, researches for application of alternative fuel including water electrolysis are providing. It could be said that general requirements for micro propulsion modules have formed and the key requirements are module design, scalability, safety, low response time, short manufacturing and delivery period, low cost.