War and Space

Язык труда и переводы:
УДК:
008
Дата публикации:
13 января 2022, 21:07
Категория:
Секция 10. Космонавтика и культура
Авторы
Goncharova Maria Romanovna
Center for the Development of Modern Competencies of Children "House of Scientific Collaboration named after S.V. Ilyushin"
Goncharova Lubov Alekseevna
MOU "Secondary School No. 31 of Vologda"
Goncharova Olga Vladimirovna
MOU "Secondary School No. 1 with in-depth study of the English language"
Аннотация:
The report presents one of the expositions "Cosmonauts during the Great Patriotic War" of the Aerospace Museum of the city of Vologda, which was created in 2012. We present to your attention some of the results of our activities on the topic “War and Space.” “Patriotism is one of the main pillars of society and the state. The future of Russia as a modern, effective state depends on how we educate young people today, ”said V.V. Putin.
Ключевые слова:
vologda, museum, patriotism, cosmonautics
Основной текст труда

War and space

The report presents one of the expositions «Cosmonauts during the Great Patriotic War» of the Aerospace Museum of the city of Vologda, which was created in 2012. We present to your attention some of the results of activities on the topic «War and Space».

“Patriotism is one of the main pillars of society and the state. The future of Russia as a modern, effective state depends on how we educate young people today,” said V.V. Putin. In the work of the museum, we attach great importance to the patriotic education of young people based on the examples of the life and work of cosmonauts. Every year we hold the traditional Week of Space and Information Technologies at school, during which Yu.A. Gagarin, P.I. Belyaeva, A.A. Leonova, various competitions, video views. The life and work of astronauts is an example for the younger generation. The museum contains videos, films for demonstration and study of the exploits of Soviet cosmonauts: “Yu.A. Gagarin", «Time of the first», «P.I. Belyaev», «Jump into space», «Leonov's spacewalk», «Battle for Salute», «Dzhanibekov effect» and others. We are proud that our students were lucky enough to meet and take pictures with the heroes-cosmonauts: Pavel Romanovich Popovich, Vladimir Alexandrovich Dzhanibekov, Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov.

Georgy Timofeevich Beregovoy — twice Hero of the Soviet Union, a participant in the war since June 25, 1941, accurately fulfilled every task, in the air he acted coolly. The Beregovoy attack aircraft pilot had a cherished rule: «If you don't think, they will shoot you down!» He flew an IL-2 with the tail number «22». In October 1944, Captain Beregovoy was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for the courage and heroism of the Guard. In 1963 he was enlisted in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts. From October 26–30, 1968 he made a space flight on the Soyuz-3 spacecraft. For the space flight he was awarded the second Gold Star medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

Georgy Timofeevich was a wonderful person, always attentive to children. Our students, who have visited Star City, met with Georgy Timofeevich. They recall: “At lunchtime, he came to the Zvezdny Museum to meet and take a picture with our group. We were delighted. «We have in the museum a photograph of the meeting with Georgy Timofeevich, his autograph and a documentary film about his flight “Space kamikaze. Attack angle».

Each astronaut has his own story. Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, Hero of the Soviet Union, was born on February 7, 1926 in Voronezh. During the Great Patriotic War, Feoktistov left his studies and went to the front. He fought as a scout. During the reconnaissance, Konstantin Petrovich was captured by a German patrol and miraculously escaped from being shot. He made his first and only flight in October 1964 aboard the Voskhod spacecraft.

Georgy Timofeevich Dobrovolsky, Soviet cosmonaut, Hero of the Soviet Union, made his only flight from 6 to 29 June 1971 as the commander of the Soyuz-11 spacecraft and the first main expedition (EO-1) to DOS-1 Salyut. During the Great Patriotic War, he was in Odessa, which was occupied by German fascist troops. As a fifteen-year-old teenager, he single-handedly decided to fight the invaders. In early 1944 he was captured by the police.

When the war broke out in 1941, our first cosmonauts were mostly young children. The war before the centrifuges tested the future astronauts. Trials during the war years contributed to the formation of character. Many astronauts survived the occupation.

Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin was born on March 9, 1934 in the village of Klushino. Soviet pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of the highest insignia of a number of states, on April 12, 1961, became the first person in world history to fly into outer space. On September 1, 1941, Yura went to school, but on October 12, the Germans occupied the village. The Gagarin had to live in a dugout in very harsh conditions for almost 2 years. Little Yura saw what war is.

Pavel Romanovich Popovich, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, was in the occupied territory during the Great Patriotic War. During the war, he hid a wounded officer from the Nazis. I understood: they would find it — they would kill it, but I hid it. In 1962, as a pilot of the Vostok-4 spacecraft, he performed a joint flight with the Vostok-3 spacecraft, in 1974 as the commander of the Soyuz-14 spacecraft and the 1st main expedition (EO-1) on the Salyut- 3", together with Yu. Artyukhin flew the second time.

Vladimir Alexandrovich Dzhanibekov, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, was born on May 13, 1942. The Great Patriotic War dictated the choice of profession. An eleven-year-old boy put on a military uniform, dreamed of becoming a pilot. With enthusiasm, he was fond of drawing and astronomy, was engaged in athletics, fencing, wrestling.

Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut, was born on March 16, 1927. In the village of Komarov, the war caught up. The fourteen-year-old boy did not get to the front, but he worked for three, since fewer and fewer men remained in the village. In 1942, having finished seven classes, Komarov entered a special flight school. He made his first space flight on October 12 — October 13, 1964 aboard the Voskhod spacecraft.

Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, in his childhood dreamed of flying into the sky and surrendering to painting. To help the family, Leonov began to paint and at the age of 10 he earned money by painting carpets. For the «carpet» the future artist received three loaves of bread. On March 18–19, 1965, together with Pavel Belyaev, he flew into space on the Voskhod-2 spacecraft and made the world's first spacewalk lasting 12 minutes 9 seconds. During the exit, he showed exceptional courage, especially in an emergency situation.

Pavel Ivanovich Belyaev, Hero of the Soviet Union, was born on June 26, 1925 in the village of Chelishchevo, Vologda Region. In 1943 he joined the ranks of the Soviet Army, graduated from the Yeisk military aviation school. As a fighter pilot, the young pilot took part in the war with Japan, for which he was awarded a medal. On March 18–19, 1965, Belyaev made a space flight as the commander of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft.

Georgy Mikhailovich Grechko, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, who made three flights into space, recalls: “In 1941 I was sent to my grandmother in Ukraine. The most terrible moment in the occupation was when people were being driven past us to be shot, they jumped out of the car and fled. As punishment, the Nazis began to burn down the settlement. They drove people out of all the houses into one, they killed the house, they burned people alive."

We have developed the site «Virtual Aerospace Museum Vologda», which also hosted the exposition" Children-Cosmonauts during the Great Patriotic War", «Designers during the War». The materials used by the museum will help young people learn about the heroes' exploits.

Литература
  1. Uvlechennye kosmosom [Fascinated by space]. Edited by L.A. Goncharova, O.V. Goncharova, M.R. Goncharova. Vologda, 2017. 179 p. (n Russ.).
  2. Kosmonavty rasskazyvayut [The astronauts talk]. Moscow, Detskaya literatura Publ., 1966, 271 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Reznichenko G.I. Vykhod v kosmos razreshayu [I allow spacewalk]. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1978, 103 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Аэрокосмический музей г. Вологды [Aerospace Museum of Vologda]. Available at: http://vakm.meson.ru/ (accessed December 21, 2021). (In Russ.).
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