Round Table "60th Anniversary of Flight First Man in Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" At The International Military-Technical Forum "Army 2021" and its Role in Formation of Constantly Operating Industrial and Technological Platforms Discuss Actual Issues of Aviation and Space Industry and New Initiatives in Science and Culture

Язык труда и переводы:
УДК:
60
Дата публикации:
19 января 2022, 22:53
Категория:
Секция 10. Космонавтика и культура
Авторы
Ratkin Leonid Sergeevich
Council of Veterans of Russian Academy of Sciences
Аннотация:
At the end of August 2021, the International Military-Technical Forum “Army 2021” was organized and held on the territory of the “Patriot-Expo” cultural and exhibition center near Moscow. The business program of the forum included more than 200 events, in which representatives of the leadership of federal and regional legislative and executive bodies, leading scientists and industrialists took part. On August 27, 2021, the Council of Veterans of the Russian Academy of Sciences organized and held a round table “The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin”.
Ключевые слова:
International military-technical forum, industrial and technological platform, aviation, space, science, culture
Основной текст труда

At the opening of the «Army 2021» International Military-Technical Forum, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir V. Putin noted the need to comprehensively strengthen the country's defense potential and the importance of developing educational programs aimed at actively introducing innovations in the military and civilian spheres. Accordingly, at the round table «The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin», organized by the Council of Veterans of the Russian Academy of Sciences USSR and RAS E.P. Chelyshev [1]) not only successful examples of cooperation between academic science and defense industry enterprises were presented, but also various projects of educational innovations in military-technical, aerospace and related fields, including leading Russian universities and intersectoral corporations.

Speech by the President of the International Telecommunications Academy (ITA), Academician of the ITA, Co-Chair of the Union of Orthodox Women of Russia, Chairman of the Council of Professional Qualifications of Telecommunications, General Director of «Center for Digital Transformation Assurance», President of «ASVT» JSC A.P. Ositis and Deputy Chairman of the SEC of Communications, Deputy General Director of «Center for Digital Transformation» Academician of the ITA L.N. Matorina was devoted to various aspects of the implementation of satellite communication systems (SCS) and the prospects for the introduction of SCS of a new generation. It was noted, in particular, the importance of attracting investments in priority sectoral projects and the need to expand the scope of tools to improve the level of education, strengthen the role of professional communities in the development of optimal strategies for sectoral development, including manned space exploration. As examples of successful cooperation between the ITA and the RAS, programs were presented that were developed with the participation of a number of ITA academicians who are also members of the RAS: a member of the Presidium of the RAS, the Deputy Academician-Secretary of the Department of Nanotechnology and Information Technologies (DNIT) of the RAS and the head of the ONIT RAS section, the scientific director of the Institute of radio engineering and electronics named after V.A. Kotelnikov RAS, academician of RAS Yu.V. Gulyaev, member of the Bureau of DNIT RAS academician RAS A.S. Bugaev, president of MSTU named after N.E.Bauman, academician RAS I.B. Fedorov, corresponding member RAS Yu.B. Zubarev and some other scientists.

Report of the President of the Russian Engineering Academy (REA) and the International Engineering Academy (IEA), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and a foreign member of the Chernogorsky Academy of Sciences and Arts B.V.Gusev, Chief Scientific Secretary of the REA and MEA and Academician of REA and MEA L.A.Ivanov and Professor of the University «Old Dominion» Shu Li Da (USA) was devoted to the actual problems of the development of micro- and nanocomponent base for scientific research in the field of world manned astronautics. Boris Vladimirovich and Leonid Alekseevich considered priority projects of cooperation with leading oil and gas and energy corporations for environmental monitoring in the field of manned astronautics, developed analytical materials on the state of development of the oil and gas industry, the use of unmanned multipurpose means and systems for environmental monitoring, cooperation Russian and Chinese enterprises and organizations to improve the efficiency of their cooperation in the implementation of joint projects and programs, the state of development of the oil, gas and chemical industries and veteran movements in the fuel and energy complex and aerospace [2].

Participants and guests of the round table «The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin» held within the framework of the International Military-Technical Forum „Army 2021“ Order „For Merit to the Fatherland“, President of the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography V.P.Savinykh. Viktor Petrovich spoke in detail about the curricula and courses of the leading industrial university, the priorities for training specialists for manned astronautics and the specifics of work at the enterprises of the aerospace industry.

Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General of the Reserve V.A.Dzhanibekov spoke about the experiments carried out in orbit, environmental projects in space and the prevention of man-made disasters on the basis of forecasting and modeling methods. Vladimir Alexandrovich drew the attention of the participants and guests of the round table „The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin“ to the importance of raising the level of educational projects and programs in universities and schools, the need to improve the training system for high-tech industries and building the export potential of the aerospace industry.

The topic of creating a highly qualified personnel reserve was supported by the pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Russian Federation A.I.Lazutkin. Alexander Ivanovich formulated a number of proposals to improve the quality of training for strategic space projects and manned programs [3].

Detailed and detailed comments on the speeches of the speakers were given by the Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Russian Federation, executive director for manned space programs of the State Corporation „Roscosmos“ S.K. Krikalev. Sergei Konstantinovich noted the key areas in a number of reports, clarified certain provisions of scientific reports and presented the opinions of experts on topical issues in the development of manned space exploration.

Representatives of the management of the creative workshop „Without gloss“ — General Director L.Yu. Grigoryan and development director I.V.Sharipova presented a series of unique paintings made using innovative technologies. Liana Yurievna and Irina Vladimirovna announced the creation of a series of series of works dedicated to cosmonauts and their working orbital everyday life, which successfully combine advanced achievements in Science and Art.

Head of the Moscow branch of the „Alley of Russian Glory“ Project V.D. Koshlakov spoke about many successfully implemented projects to perpetuate the memory of famous scientists, poets, writers, military leaders and public figures. Vladimir Dmitrievich especially noted the role of social engineering and support for the succession of personnel and the development of scientific schools in the field of education and production. In recognition of scientific merits, twice Heroes of the Soviet Union V.P. Savinykh. and V.A. Dzhanibekov, Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of the Russian Federation S.K. Krikalev and Hero of the Russian Federation A.I. Lazutkin, as well as representatives of a number of academic and industrial organizations received from the head of the Moscow branch of the Project „Alley of Russian Glory“ V.D. Koshlakov memorable historical gifts — busts of world-famous scientists and astronauts made of special alloys using innovative technologies.

The participants of the plenary session received space souvenirs from representatives of the management of the company „Mart“ (brand „Cosmos is our“) N.N. Marikova, A.E. Vaganov and P.V. Ushakova. Natalya Nikolaevna, Andrey Evgenievich and Pavel Valerievich noted that for a number of years the Mart company has been successfully developing and increasing mutually beneficial cooperation with leading industrial enterprises and universities, actively cooperating in the field of promoting the national scientific heritage (in particular, in the aerospace sphere) and the formation of additional incentives for the younger generation to study in schools and universities in many fundamental and applied natural science disciplines, paying special attention to patriotic education.

Executive Director of LLC „Alternative 777“ S.Yu. Zaslavskaya spoke to the participants and guests of the round table „60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin“ with a report „Continuity and a new paradigm of development“. In her speech, Svetlana Yurievna, in particular, examined in detail the problems of Russian cosmism, certain provisions of the Teaching on the Noosphere of Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, as well as applied aspects of scientific developments of other domestic and foreign scientists.

The topic of the relationship between fundamental and applied scientific research was developed in the speech of the head of the department of the Institute of Applied Mathematics (IAM) named after academician M.V. Keldysh of the Russian Academy of Sciences G.G. Malinetskiy. Georgy Gennadievich briefly reviewed the main problems of the development of manned space exploration, drew attention to the new developments of the IAM RAS and especially noted the role of the IAM RAS in the development of state programs for unmanned and manned space flights, which ensured the scientific, educational, industrial and technological leadership of the USSR in space exploration for many years: for many years, the director of the IAM RAS was the world-famous scientist, President of the USSR Academy of Sciences (19.05. 1961–19.05.1975) Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences M.V. Keldysh [4].

New fundamental developments in the field of quantum technologies for manned space exploration were the leitmotif of the report by Yu.I. Bogdanov, chief researcher at the Valiev Institute of Physics and Technology (PTI) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In the year of the 90th anniversary of the birth of Kamil Akhmetovich Valiev, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yuri Ivanovich spoke about the history of the creation of the Physicotechnical Institute and the new developments of employees, in particular, used to provide space communications.

Head of the laboratory of aerospace research of the company „Stratonavtika“ D.I. Efremov told the participants and guests of the round table „The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin“ about promising industry research and inter-industry cooperation to strengthen cooperation with leading domestic and foreign enterprises and organizations. Denis Ivanovich briefly described the list of urgent tasks and potential threats at stratospheric heights and outlined the directions of long-term cooperation with universities and academic institutions.

The round table was closed by the speech of A.S.Marusev, Executive Director of the Association of Museums of Cosmonautics (»AMKOS"). Alexander Sergeevich spoke about the successfully implemented projects and programs of «AMKOS» in the Year of Science and Technology and outlined key prospects for cooperation with leading industry Russian and foreign organizations and enterprises on space issues.

The organizer of the round table «The 60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin» within the framework of the International Military-Technical Forum «Army 2021» was the Council of Veterans of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The author of the publication moderated and conducted the round table. As it was noted at the round table, one of the promising directions for the development of manned space exploration in the near and medium term is to strengthen interaction with leading oil and gas and energy companies to ensure environmental monitoring. Eco-projects and eco-programs are investment-attractive, have the necessary science-intensive potential and can be scaled not only to intersectoral organizations, but also to the SCO, EAEU and BRICS. The report suggests holding a special meeting of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2022, at which it is possible to consider issues on strengthening the interaction of enterprises of the aerospace industry with the fuel and energy complex. In particular, it is necessary for representatives of the management of «Gazprom», «Lukoil», «Novatek», «Rosneft», «Transneft» and other oil and gas companies to participate in a special meeting of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The round table «60th Anniversary of the Flight of the First Man into Space — Pilot-Cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin» at the International Military-Technical Forum «Army 2021» in August 2021 made it possible to focus the attention of the scientific community on the key problems of the development of the aerospace industry. During the scientific discussion, representatives of universities, academic institutions and industrial enterprises and financial organizations discussed the most important issues of stimulating innovative activity, strengthening defense capability and strengthening international cooperation in the military-technical sphere. The round table, organized by the Council of Veterans of the Russian Academy of Sciences on August 27, 2021 (as part of a series of events held by the Council of Veterans of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the summer of 2021), is a pilot project for the formation of a permanent industrial and technological platform, where the most important and authoritative experts consider the problems of development in the aerospace industries and new initiatives in the field of science and culture.

Литература
  1. Chelyshev E.P. Rossiya i Zapad v nachale novogo tysyacheletiya [Russia and the West at the beginning of the new millennium]. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii nauk [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2008, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 71–76. (In Russ.).
  2. Chelyshev E.P. Pereklichka pokolenii [Roll call of generations]. Vestnik Akademii prava i upravleniya [Bulletin of the Academy of Law and Management], 2010, no. 18, pp. 104–115. (In Russ.).
  3. Chelyshev E.P. Evraziya: problemy vostochno-zapadnogo sinteza v russkoi kul'turnoi traditsii i nasledii evraziitsev [Eurasia: problems of East-West synthesis in the Russian cultural tradition and heritage of the Eurasians]. Prostranstvo i Vremya [Space and Time], 2010, no. 2 (2), pp. 8–16. (In Russ.).
  4. Ratkin L.S. K stoletiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Prezidenta AN SSSR M.V.Keldysha: u istokov programmy pilotiruemykh kosmicheskikh poletov [To the centenary of the birth of the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences M.V.Keldysh: at the origins of the manned space flight program]. Mater. II Mezhdunar. nauch.-tekhn. konf. "Nestatsionarnye, energo- i resursosberegayushchie protsessy i oborudovanie v khimicheskoi, nano- i biotekhnologii (NERPO 2011)" [Mater. II International Scientific and Technical conf. "Non-stationary, energy- and resource-saving processes and equipment in chemical, nano- and biotechnology (NERPO 2011)"]. Under the general editorship of G.I.Efremov. Moscow, Izd-vo MGOU Publ., 2011, pp. 13–16. (In Russ.).
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